An optimized life-cycle for waste reduction and biomass production
The BSF life cycle varies between environments (temperature, humidity, light intensity, quality and quantity of available food).
The females lay approx. 500 eggs and they die soon after oviposition.
Eggs have an ovoid shape, and are about 1 mm long and they change from beige to yellow/beige colour during the incubation period, which lasts from a little bit more than 4 days.
As soon as larvae have hatched, they use surrounding organic matter as a food source. The duration of the larval stage lasts approx. 2 weeks.
1 Kg of eggs yields 7 tons of larvae and can eat 25 tons of organic waste in a week.
The prepupal stage is characterized by a marked colour change from beige to dark brown, they will migrate out of substrate as old larvae cease feeding prior to pupation .
Generally, the metamorphosis is completed within 2 weeks. Mating takes place about 2 days after the emergence of the imago and another 2 days are needed before egg laying. An imago lives only 5 to 14 days.
Regarding protein production, BSF technology makes land use (m²) 100 times less than cultivating plant crop growing or animal meat production.